Extra-cranial internal carotid aneurysm repair – the importance of technical details

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.48750/acv.555

Keywords:

Aneurysm, extracranial carotid artery, endovascular, surgical repair

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Extracranial internal carotid aneurysms are extremely rare and usually diagnosed as incidental findings although thromboembolic events or rupture can occur. Historically treated by open surgery, endovascular repair is emerging as an alternative. We present our center’s experience with both approaches.
CASE REPORTS: Four internal carotid aneurysm cases are presented: Case 1 – 60-year-old male presented with an asymptomatic 20mm saccular aneurysm of the carotid bifurcation. He underwent arterial reconstruction with a bypass using a 6mm ePTFE graft and reimplantation of the external carotid artery. Case 2 – 61-year-old female presents with an asymptomatic 17mm saccular aneurysm of the internal carotid artery. Aneurismectomy and direct reconstruction through an end-to-end anastomosis was possible due to artery redundancy. Case 3 – 36-year-old patient with a history of Cushing's syndrome due to a secretory adenoma of the pituitary gland presented with an 19mm fusiform aneurysm of the internal carotid artery. After pituitary gland tumor recession, he underwent arterial reconstruction with an inlay saphenous vein bypass. Case 4 – 77-year-old female presents with a 27mm saccular aneurysm of the internal carotid artery. Endovascular aneurysm exclusion using a self-expandable covered stent was performed through a cervical carotid surgical approach. Stent occlusion was observed in the postoperative period but without neurological symptoms.
CONCLUSION: Existing data on endovascular treatment’s short- and medium-term outcomes are comparable to surgery, but long-term results are unknown and high rates of technical failure have been associated to artery tortuosity. There are no specific guidelines to guide decision-making and treatment decisions must be individualized according to the morphology and location of the aneurysm and patient's comorbidities.

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References

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Published

2024-03-03

How to Cite

1.
Pinelo A, Mendes D, Rego D, Loureiro L, Machado R. Extra-cranial internal carotid aneurysm repair – the importance of technical details. Angiol Cir Vasc [Internet]. 2024 Mar. 3 [cited 2024 Apr. 12];19(4):239-43. Available from: https://acvjournal.com/index.php/acv/article/view/555

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Section

Clinical Case